El Salvador 1989: The Two Jesuit Standards and the Final Offensive Print
Written by Ignacio Ochoa   
Tuesday, 28 September 2004 00:00
This thesis, written by Ignacio Ochoa in the spring of 2003, incorporates first-hand testimony, primary sources and secondary historical documentation to discuss the sociopolitical significance of the November 16, 1989 massacre of six Jesuits and two civilians at the Universidad Centroamericana (UCA) in El Salvador. To shed light on the Salvadoran Army?s motives for committing the massacre, Jesuit theological formation and its impact on the work of the Jesuits in El Salvador is discussed.

After providing background information on the armed conflict in El Salvador during the 1980s, the paper focuses on the final offensive launched by the Farabundo Mart? National Liberation Front (FMLN) on November 11, 1989, and the subsequent UCA massacre committed by the Salvadoran Army. It argues that in response to an unexpectedly strong offensive by the FMLN, the assassination of the UCA Jesuits, accused of being the intellectual backbone of the guerillas, was an attempt by the Salvadoran Armed Forces to debilitate the FMLN. However, because of the international outrage and revulsion this event evoked, it marked the beginning of the end for the unchecked power and legitimacy of the U.S. supported Salvadoran Armed Forces, and became the driving force behind the Salvadoran peace process.
Last Updated on Wednesday, 04 May 2011 17:49