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Home Facts SOA Manuals
SOA Manuals
Read the actual text of a variety of SOA training manuals. Manuals on topics such as Counter Intelligence, and Terrorism and the Urban Guerilla are available here in English and Spanish.

"There were no abuses. We have never taught torture," Army Commandant Asserts PDF Print E-mail
by Clare Hanrahan

"I call cocaine a weapon of mass destruction," said Col. Gilberto Perez, Commandant of the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation (WHINSEC), and "terrorists are everywhere." The Cuban immigrant and career military officer was one of three speakers at a public information forum November 2 in Columbus, Georgia. Using a Power Point outline, he explained the chain of command and official mission of the notorious counter-insurgency training school, once officially known as the U.S. Army School of the Americas (SOA).
SOA Manuals Index PDF Print E-mail
On September 20, 1996, under intense public pressure, the Pentagon was forced to release training manuals that were used at the School of the Americas for years. These manuals advocated torture, extortion, blackmail and the targeting of civilian populations. A Washington Post article from 1996 by Dana Priest broke the story.

The release of these manuals proved what SOA Watch, thousands of Latin Americans and numerous human rights organizations had been saying for years: that U.S. taxpayer money had been used for the teaching of torture and repression.

Material from CIA and Army manuals written in the 1950's and 1960's was incorporated into these seven Spanish-language training guides. More than a thousand of these manuals were distributed for use in countries such as El Salvador, Guatemala, Ecuador and Peru, and at the School of the Americas between 1987 and 1991. An inquiry was triggered in mid-1991 when the US Southern Command evaluated the manuals for use in expanding military support programs in Colombia.
U.S. Trainers Cited Possible Executions PDF Print E-mail
WASHINGTON, Sept. 20 (AP) -- The School of the Americas, a United States military academy for Latin American officers, used training manuals that contained references to executing guerrillas and beatings as methods of obtaining information.

About two dozen of what the Pentagon called ?objectionable or dubious? phrases were in the Spanish-language manuals for intelligence operations. English translations of the manuals were made public today by the Pentagon.

The material was sent to Congress in 1991 and made known in general terms at the time, but the exact translations of the manuals were not made public then, officials said.

Release of the texts is expected to intensify calls on Capitol Hill to close the school, which was founded in 1946 and is now at Fort Benning, Ga. For several years it was in Panama.

Representative Josephy [sic] P. Kennedy 2d, Democrat of Massachusetts, and other critics have said the school is a training ground for dictators, among them the former Panamanian leaders Manuel Antonio Noriega and Omar Torrijos.

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