|La lucha de Patricia Isasa|
|escrito por Marie Trigona|
Patricia Isasa ha luchado por obtener justicia y transparencia desde hace más de 30 años. Patricia tenía 16 años cuando fue secuestrada en Julio de 1976 por un commando de la policía provincial. Luego fue llevada a uno de los 375 centros de detención y tortura clandestinos de la dictadura.
Durante la dictadura de la junta militar que gobernó a Argentina entre 1976 y 1983, unos 30.000 activistas fueron secuestrados y asesinados. Debido a la censura impuesta por el régimen militar, la mayoría de la población permaneció silenciosa durante la guerra sucia llevada a cabo por los militares en el país.
Patricia fue detenida por sus esfuerzos de organización como delegada de la Unión de Estudiantes Secundarios de la Provincia de Santa Fe. Permaneció recluida sin ser juzgada durante dos años y dos meses. Después de ser dejada en libertad en 1979, se dedico a reunir un dossier de denuncias con la intención de presentarlas ante la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos de la Organización de Estados Americanos que visitaría a Argentina en ese entonces. Poco después, fue secuestrada por segunda vez con otros treinta hombres y mujeres. La dejaron libre después de tres días pero fue una de los únicos cuatro sobrevivientes del grupo.
Desde 1997,y de manera exhaustiva, Patricia ha recolectado documentación para lograr poner detrás de rejas a los perpetradores. Sin embargo, las leyes de punto final y amnistía decretadas a comienzos de los ‘90 impidieron cualquier posibilidad de llevar con éxito ante los tribunales a los ex líderes militares por sus crímenes contra los derechos humanos. El año pasado, la Corte Suprema derogó las leyes de amnistía que protegían a los antiguos militares que sirvieron bajo la dictadura. En una entrevista reciente con Patricia, ella se refirió a los desarrollos recientes de su caso, así como a la esperanza de obtener verdad y justicia.
written by kay, December 09, 2010
Presente is already the most widely-read Latin America Solidarity publication in North America, but we won't stop there. We want to expand the reach of the paper even further! Can you help to increase the print run by 20,000 copies?
Interview with Father Fausto Mila in Honduras
SOA Watch participated in the International Human Rights Encuentro in Honduras in February 2012. Laura Jung spoke with Father Fausto Milla, a religious leader in the Honduran movement who has been persecuted by the State of Honduras.
The Saturday morning assembly in the Convention Center during the 2013 November Vigil was organized in the Peoples Movement Assembly (PMA) format. The PMA model has been developed by Project South and through the US Social Forum (USSF).
Six-hundred people took part in 21 small group discussions about the role of nonviolent direct action, and grassroots organizing. The groups developed collective political understanding through dynamic conversations, and new relationships started to form. A goal for the PMA process is to engage everyone to come up with answers to questions about strategies, to develop our political analysis, and to come up with joint plans for action.
H.R. 2989, the Latin America Military Training Review Act of 2013 renews the legislative efforts against the notorious U.S. military training institute, formerly known as the School of the Americas.
By Pablo Ruiz, Equipo Latinoamericano of SOA Watch
SOAW Chile achieved an important victory; to declassify the names of over 760 Chilean soldiers who took courses at the School of the Americas/WHINSEC during the past decade.
School of the Americas Watch Chile, with the participation of other human rights organizations (La Agrupación de Familiares de Ejecutados Políticos, La Comisión Ética Contra la Tortura, La Comunidad Ecuménica Martín Luther King, La Corporación 3 y 4 Álamos and La Juventud Guevarista) used Chile’s “Transparency Law” to achieve a first victory in their home country.
The Defense Ministry, the Chilean Army, Navy, and Air Force handed over lists that include first and last names, dates, and courses attended by Chilean military personnel at SOA/WHINSEC between 2001-2015.
The declassified materials also mention the names of “invited instructors” who assisted the military school in Georgia as well as those of other high-ranking Chilean officials who are part of the WHINSEC leadership. Additionally noteworthy about the response by the military is the mention of WHINSEC personnel that travelled to Chile to instruct the “Personal Development Course for Cadets” at the Chilean Escuela Militar. Nonetheless, what is left out is the “Combined Operations Course 2012,” held at the Academia de Guerra and organized by the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Estado Mayor Conjunto ) together with the mobile team of WHINSEC.
Although the information is incomplete, the declassification still represents an important step since one of the characteristics of the SOAW movement is to monitor the behavior of the troops that receive training at the military base and for that purpose it is indispensable to know, who its graduates are.
Despite the Army not revealing the identities of Escuela Militar students and of some other officials, using the argument that this is “legally secret information,” it is an important accomplishment in the fight for more transparency and for continuing with the to demand to stop sending Chilean soldiers to the School of the Americas.
SOA graduates participated in the assassination of the singer songwriter Víctor Jara, in the car bomb attack, carried out in the middle of Washington, DC, that killed Orlando Letelier and Ronnie Moffitt, and in the death of union leader Tucapel Jiménez; among hundreds of other cases that involved soldiers who received training in the US.
The fight for accountability in the US
It is important to remember that the lists with names of Latin American soldiers who trained at the SOA/WHINSEC after 2005 are classified and secret information in the US.
Prior to that year, from 1946-2004, the names had been declassified. This allowed SOA Watch to know that a significant number of soldiers, who committed human rights abuses, had been trained in counterinsurgency methods in the US; including courses that suggested “to use torture, blackmail, extortion and reward payments for murdered enemies.”
In April 2013, Judge Phyllis J. Hamilton from the District of Northern California, responded favorably to a Freedom of Information request presented by SOAW activists Theresa Cameranesi and Judith Liteky, demanding the declassification of the names of all Latin American soldiers who received training at the so-called “School of the Assassins.”
Judge Hamilton reminded in her verdict that the Freedom of Information Act is meant to “assure a well-informed citizenry, a fundamental thing for making a democratic society work and necessary to stop acts of corruption as well as to hold the governing body accountable to the governed.” Her verdict was immediately appealed by the lawyers of the US government and the trail continues to this day.
The Spring 2015 issue of ¡Presente! included a poster about the disappeared 43 students from Guerrero, Mexico by Omar Inzunza, who is kown under the artist name Gran OM. Omar is one of Mexico’s most recognized wheatpaste and visual artists and we are excited about the permission to reprint his poster in ¡Presente!
Para mas información, visite Sobre Nosotros.
My blood is drunk by the roots of the tree from that one day the fruit of freedom will ripen.
- Nelson Mandela
A challenging new documentary has quickly become one of the
widest-reaching films to encapsulate the history of the SOA Watch
An in-depth look at the torture practices of the United States in Afghanistan, Iraq and Guantanamo Bay, focusing on an innocent taxi driver in Afghanistan who was tortured and killed in 2002.