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Home Facts About SOA / WHINSEC
About the SOA/ WHINSEC

"Differences" Between the SOA and the WHINSEC- Chart outlining the lack of difference between the two institutions.

SOA Course List-under construction

SOA Budget-Under Construction

WHINSEC Course List- the following description of courses have been compiled from US goverment documents

WHINSEC Budget-under construction

WHINSEC Annual Reports-Secretary of Defense Annual Reports on WHINSEC to Congress



The Case for Closing the School of the Americas PDF Print E-mail

THE CASE FOR CLOSING THE SCHOOL OF THE AMERICAS

Bill Quigley

Copyright © 2005 Brigham Young University; Bill Quigley

On the morning of November 16, 1989, Salvadoran soldiers made their way into the Pastoral Center at the Central American University in San Salvador. They ordered five Jesuit priests to go outside and lie face down on the ground, where they were subsequently shot and killed. A sixth priest, the housekeeper, and her 16 year-old daughter were then murdered inside the residence. The Jesuits had been labeled "subversives" by the Salvadoran government for speaking out against the socioeconomic structure of Salvadoran society.

Of the twenty-six soldiers subsequently implicated in the murders of the Jesuit priests and women in El Salvador, nineteen had received training at the School of the Americas. Three officers had received some human rights training while at the school. Additionally, one soldier had attended the Special Forces Officer Course at Ft. Bragg in late 1988 and early 1989.

The battalion to which these soldiers belonged was being trained by U.S. Army Special Forces in El Salvador in the days before and after the murders.

Download the full article in PDF (you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this document): http://www.soaw.org/docs/LReview-Quigley.pdf

 
SOA Courses PDF Print E-mail

These are the courses the U.S Army School of the America supposedly offered before it underwent its cosmetic change.

SOA 1997 Course List-In spanish

SOA 2000-2001 Course List

 
SOA Course List 1997 (Spanish) PDF Print E-mail

This course list comes from the "Yearly List of Students Trained at the SOA by Countries-1997" document acquired through the Freedom of Information Act.

  1. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC)
  2. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-1)
  3. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-2)
  4. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-3)
  5. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-4)
  6. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-5)
  7. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-6)
  8. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-7)
  9. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-8)
  10. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-11)
  11. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-12)
  12. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (ITC-13)
  13. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (OE-6-1)
  14. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (OE-6-2)
  15. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (OE-6-3)
  16. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (OE-6-4)
  17. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (OE-6-5)
  18. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (OE-6-6)
  19. CURSO DE ADIESTRAMIENTO PARA INSTRUCTORES (OE-6-7)
  20. CURSO DE LOGISTICAS A NIVEL EJECUTIVO Y DE GRADO SUPERIOR (O-10)
  21. CURSO DE ADMINISTRACION DE LOS RECURSOS (O-17)
  22. CURSO DE ADMINISTRACION DOCENTE PARA SUBOFICIALES (E-2)
  23. CURSO DE ADMINISTRACION DOCENTE PARA SUBOFICIALES (E-6)
  24. CURSO DE ADMINISTRACION DOCENTE PARA OFICIALES (O-2)
  25. CURSO AVANZADO PARA OFICIALES DE ARMAS DE COMBATE (O-1)
  26. CURSO DE COMANDO Y ESTADO MAYOR PARA OFICIALES (O-2)
  27. CURSO DE COMANDO Y ESTADO MAYOR PARA OFICIALES (O-3)
  28. CURSO DE CAPACITACION PARA SUBOFICIALES (E-6)
  29. CURSO BASICO DE COMPUTADORAS (OE-3)
  30. CURSO BASICO DE COMPUTADORAS (OE-3-3)
  31. CURSO DE COMPUTACION BASICA (OE-3-5)
  32. CURSO DE DESAROLLO DE LIDERAZGO PARA CADETES-OPERACIONES ANTIDROGAS (C-38)
  33. CURSO DE INTELIGENCIA MILITAR PARA OFICALES (O-8)
  34. CURSO DE INTELIGENCIA MILITAR PARA OFICALES (O-8-2)
  35. CURSO DE FORTALECIMIENTO DEMOCRATICO
  36. CURSO DE ZAPADORES (OE-12)
  37. CURSO DE OPERACIONES CIVICO-MILITARES (O-11)
  38. CURSO DE OPERACIONDES DE PAZ (O-12)
  39. CURSO DE OPERACIONES ANTIDROGAS (OE-5)
  40. CURSO DE OPERACIONES ANTIDROGAS (OE-5-1)
  41. CURSO DE OPERACIONES ANTIDROGAS (OE-5-2)
  42. CURSO DE OPERACIONES CONTRAMINAS (OE-15)
  43. CURSO DE OPERACIONES SICOLOGICAS (O-22)
  44. CURSO DE OPERACIONES DE ESTADO MAYOR DE COMBATE (O-15)
  45. CURSO DE OPERACIONES CONJUSTAS (O-16)
  46. CURSO DE ARMAS COMBINADAS PARA CADETES (C-30)
  47. CURSO DE ASISTENCIA MEDICA (0E-11)
  48. CURSO DE COMANDOS (OE-4)
 
SOA Courses 2000-2001 PDF Print E-mail

This course list comes from the U.S Army School of the Americas 2000-2001 Course Catalog.

  1. COMPUTER LITERACY (OE-3)
  2. COMAND AND GENERAL STAFF OFFICER COURSES (0-3)
  3. JOINT OPERATION COURSE (0-16)
  4. CIVIL-MILITARY OPERATIONS COURSE (O-11)
  5. DEMOCRATIC SUSTAINMENT COURSE (O-7)
  6. PEACE OPERATION COURSE (0-12)
  7. INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONAL LAW (O-5)
  8. OFFICER TRAINING MANAGEMENT COURSE (O-2)
  9. BORDER OBSERVATION COURSE (O-14)
  10. INFORMATION OPERATION COURSE (O-22)
  11. MEDICAL ASSISTANCE COURSE (OE-11)
  12. CADET LEADERSHIP DEVELIOMENT-INFANTRY COURSE (C-31)
  13. CADET LEADERSHIP DEVELIOMENT-ENGENEER COURSE (C-33)
  14. CADET LEADERSHIP DEVELIOMENT-LOGISTICS COURSE (C-35)
  15. INSTRUCTOR TRAINING COURSE (OE-6)
  16. INFANTRY OFFICER BASIC COURSE (O-20)
  17. BATTLE STAFF OPERATIONS COURSE (O-15)
  18. COMBINED ARMS OFFICER ADVANCED COURSE (O-2)
  19. RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COURSE (O-17)
  20. EXECUTIVE AND FIELD-GRADE LEVEL LOGISTICS COURSE (O-10)
  21. HUMAN RIGHTS TRAIN-THE TRAINER QUALIFICATIONS COURSE (OE-1)
  22. MILITARY INTELLIGENCE OFFICER COURSE (O-8)
  23. SMALL-UNIT TACTICAL LEADER COURSE (OE-4)
  24. HUMANITARIAN DEMINING COURSE (OE-15)
  25. NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICER BASIC LEADERSHIP COURSE (E-2)
  26. NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICER ADVANCED LEADERSHIP COURSE (E-6)
  27. NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICER COMBINED-ARMS COURSE (E-8)
  28. CADET COMBINED-ARMS COURSE (C-30)
  29. SAPPER COURSE (OE-12)
  30. CADET LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT-ARTILLERY COURSE (C-32)
  31. CADET LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT-CAVALRY COURSE (C-34)
  32. CADET LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT-INTELLIGENCE COURSE (C-36)
  33. CADET LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT-COUNTERDRUG COURSE (C-38)
 
Secretary of Defense Annual Reports to Congress PDF Print E-mail

After the cosmetic change the U.S Army School of the Americas had in 2001, the military training facility was ordered to present an annual report to Congress. 

About the Annual Report:

ANNUAL REPORT

  • Within 60 days of meeting, the Board of Visitors must submit to the Secretary of Defense a "written report of its action and of its views and recommendations pertaining" the institution.
  • By March 15 the Secretary of Defense must submit a report on the "activities of the Institute during the preceding year" to Congress U.S. Code Title 10, Section 2166

Concerns and Comparisons of the Annual Report: While the SOA authorization did not mandate an annual report, in practice, the SOA has been required recently to make a report to the Foreign Operations Committee. The new provision simply codifies the current practice, but weakens even the minimal reporting requirements that have stood for the last few years.

The Annual Report – unlike the SOA Certification Report – does not require even the minimal tracking or monitoring of recent graduates that was called for in the SOA Certification Report. The proposed Annual Report is not an analysis, critique, assessment, evaluation, appraisal or examination with recommendations from an outside, independent source. It is simply "a report" of the "activities" of the school. 

WHINSEC Annual Report 2009

WHINSEC Annual Report 2008

WHINSEC Annual Report 2007

Annual report's sources come from Just the Facts

 
The Army's "New" School is the Same Old SOA PDF Print E-mail

Section

School of the Americas (SOA)

Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation

Summary

 

 

AUTHORITY

  • "Secretary of the Army may operate the military education and training facility known as the United States Army School of the Americas" 10 USC 4415
  • Secretary of Defense authorized to operate the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation
  • Secretary of a military branch designated as agent to run the school
This is not a substantive change to the SOA

The Secretary of the Army still runs the school and is responsible to the Secretary of Defense. The name change is an attempt to distract and confuse; to distance the SOA from its history without acknowledging or addressing it.

 

 

PURPOSE and

MISSION

  • Provide "military education and training to military personnel of Central and South American countries and Caribbean countries"
  • "promote democratic values and respect for human rights; and foster cooperation among multinational military forces" SOA Course Catalog 1998/99
  • SOA currently trains police and civilians
  • Provide "professional education and training" to military, law enforcement & civilian personnel of western hemisphere nations"
  • "fostering mutual knowledge, transparency, confidence & cooperation among the participating nations & promoting democratic values, respect for human rights, & knowledge of US customs & traditions."

There is No Change in purpose between new school and current practice at SOA

  1. Leadership, peace operations, counter-drug courses, etc. already exist at SOA but have never been well attended (14% in 1999)
  2. No requirement to take these courses
  3. No restrictions on type of military training

 

CURRICULA

  • No specific detail in original congressional authorization
  • Currently 8 hours human rights instruction inserted in each course (but no country-specific instruction mandated)
  • Includes minimum of 8 hours instruction in "human rights the rule of law, due process, civilian control of the military, role of the military in a democratic society"
  • Instruction & training on leadership development, counterdrug operations, peace support operations, disaster relief, any other matter that the Secretary deems appropriate
  • No restrictions on type or amount of military training

No change

  1. Codifies current practice
  2. Remains primarily combat school focused on teaching combat skills
  3. Curriculum has not addressed country specific human rights issues (i.e. paramilitaries in Colombia)

 

 

BOARD

Of

VISITORS

  • No mention of Board of Visitors (BOV) in original congressional authorization
  • 6-member BOV was reconstituted in 1999

HOWEVER:

  • BOV is Not independent oversight board
  • In practice, BOV has been a handpicked group of SOA proponents
  • Meets annually to "inquire into the curriculum, instruction, physical equipment, fiscal affairs, academic methods…"
  • Sec. of Defense selects 6 members including "to extent practicable" members of academic, human rights & religious communities
  • Includes Members of Armed Services Committees
  • Reports actions / recommendations to Secretary of Defense

Codifies current practice

  1. No requirement for inclusion of independent human rights experts, religious leaders, other potential critics
  2. Limited Congressional representation aimed at assuring likely proponents
  3. Members handpicked by DOD or other proponents
  4. Provides NO critical review of the school or the performance its grads

 

ANNUAL

REPORT

  • No provision in the original congressional authorization
  • Appropriations Committees have required report on school and "general assessment" of graduates
  • BOV submits report of "its action and of its views and recommendations" regarding the school
  • Secretary of Defense submits report on "activities" of the school during preceding year to Congress by March 15

Codifies (and weakens) current practice

FURTHER WEAKNESSES:

  1. Simply a "report" of school's "activities"
  2. Not evaluation of effect of training on graduates or review of performance
  3. Still no tracking of or follow-up on grads
 
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